# 第三节 LaTeX 基本介绍

# 视频相关说明

# 编译

  • 定义 latexmk 这一工具:

    "latex-workshop.latex.tools": [
      {
        "name": "latexmk",
        "command": "latexmk",
        "args": [
          "-synctex=1",
          "-interaction=nonstopmode",
          "-file-line-error",
          "-xelatex",
          "-outdir=% OUTDIR%",
          "-cd",
          "% DOC%"
        ],
        "env": {}
      },
    ]
    
  • 定义整个工具链:

    "latex-workshop.latex.recipes": [
      {
        "name": "latexmk",
        "tools": [
          "latexmk"
        ]
      },
    ]
    

# 初步使用 LaTeX

  • LaTeX 初尝试:

    \documentclass{article}
    
    \begin{document}
    First document. This is a simple example, with no
    extra parameters or packages included.
    \end{document}
    
  • 标题,作者和日期示例:

    \documentclass{article}
    
    \title{First document}
    \author{Hubert Farnsworth
    \thanks{funded by the Overleaf team}}
    \date{February 2017}
    \begin{document}
    \maketitle
    We have now added a title, author and date to our first \LaTeX{} document!
    \end{document}
    
  • 文本格式化命令:

    \documentclass{article}
    \usepackage{graphicx}
    \graphicspath{{images/}}
    \begin{document} The universe is immense and it seems to be homogeneous, in a large scale, everywhere we look at.
    \begin{center}\includegraphics{universe}\end{center}
    There's a picture of a galaxy above.
    \end{document}
    
  • 添加图片示例:

    \documentclass{article}
    \usepackage{graphicx}
    \graphicspath{{images/}}
    
    \begin{document}
    The universe is immense and it seems to be homogeneous, in a large scale, everywhere we look at.
    
    \begin{center}
      \includegraphics{universe}
    \end{center}
    
    There's a picture of a galaxy above.
    \end{document}
    
  • 图片添加标题,标签和参考示例:

    \documentclass{article}
    \usepackage{graphicx}
    \graphicspath{{images/}}
    
    \begin{document}
    
    \begin{figure}[h]
      \centering
      \includegraphics[width=0.25\textwidth]{universe}
      \caption{a nice plot}
      \label{fig:mesh1}
    \end{figure}
    
    As you can see in the figure\ref{fig:mesh1}, the function grows near 0. Also, in the page\pageref{fig:mesh1} is the same example.
    \end{document}
    
  • 表格示例:

    \documentclass{article}
    
    \begin{document}
    \begin{center}
      \begin{tabular}{c c c}
      cell1 & cell2 & cell3 \\
      cell4 & cell5 & cell6 \\
      cell7 & cell8 & cell9
      \end{tabular}
    \end{center}
    \end{document}
    
  • 无序列表示例:

    \documentclass{article}
    
    \begin{document}
    \begin{itemize}
      \item The individual entries are indicated with a black dot, a so-called bullet.
      \item The text in the entries may be of any length.
    \end{itemize}
    \end{document}
    
  • 有序列表示例:

    \documentclass{article}
    
    \begin{document}
    \begin{enumerate}
      \item This is the first entry in our list
      \item The list numbers increase with each entry we add
    \end{enumerate}
    \end{document}
    
  • 添加数学公式示例:

    \documentclass{article}
    
    \begin{document}
    The mass-energy equivalence is described by the famous equation\[E=mc^2\] discovered in 1905 by Albert Einstein. In natural units ($c=1$), the formula expresses the identity
    
    \begin{equation}
      E=m
    \end{equation}
    \end{document}
    
  • 论文摘要示例:

    \documentclass{article}
    
    \begin{document}
    \begin{abstract}
    This is a simple paragraph at the beginning of the document. A brief introduction about the main subject.
    \end{abstract}
    \end{document}
    
  • 换行示例:

    \documentclass{article}
    \begin{document}
    
    Now that we have written our abstract, we can begin writing our first paragraph.
    
    This line will start a second Paragraph.
    \end{document}
    
  • 添加章节示例:

    \documentclass{article}
    \begin{document}
    
    \section{Introduction}
    This is the first section.Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit.  Etiam lobortisfacilisis sem.
    
    \section{Second Section}
    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam lobortis facilisissem.
    
    \subsection{First Subsection}
    Praesent imperdietmi nec ante. Donec ullamcorper, felis non sodales...
    
    \section*{Unnumbered Section}
    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam lobortis facilisissem
    \end{document}
    
  • 添加目录示例:

    \documentclass{article}
    \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
    
    \title{Sections and Chapters}
    \author{Gubert Farnsworth}
    \date{}
    
    \begin{document}
    \maketitle
    \tableofcontents
    
    \section{Introduction} This is the first section.
    \addcontentsline{toc}{section}{Unnumbered Section}
    \section*{Unnumbered Section} Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit.
    \section{Second Section} Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit.
    \end{document}
    
  • Overleaf 官方文档 (opens new window)

Last Updated: 11/29/2020, 7:03:33 AM